Stephen Kotkin

Stephen Kotkin, who directs the Russian studies programme at Princeton, is the author of Armageddon Averted: The Soviet Collapse, 1970-2000.

Catastrophic Playground: Chechnya

Stephen Kotkin, 18 October 2001

Afghanistan emerged as an independent kingdom in the 18th century, though its frontiers would change many times and it would always be more a confederation of tribes and lesser khanates than a centralised state. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, determined to halt Russia’s Inner Asian advance and ‘secure’ its own North Indian frontier, Britain fought three wars with the...

Just like that: Second-Guessing Stalin

Sheila Fitzpatrick, 5 April 2018

Stephen Kotkin​’s Stalin is all paradox. He is pockmarked and physically unimpressive, yet charismatic; a gambler, but cautious; undeterred by the prospect of mass bloodshed, but with no...

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The 20th anniversary of the Fall of the Wall was merrier than the tenth. In 1999, Berlin was in the middle of a hangover. The European Union was plagued by doubts about its future course; the...

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